Socrates.- if all goes well, the time will come when one will take up the memorabilia of socrates rather than the bible as a guide to morals and reason... the pathways of the most various philosophical modes of life lead back to him... socrates excels the founder of christianity in being able to be serious cheerfully and in possessing that wisdom full of roguishness that constitutes the finest state of the human soul. and he also possessed the finer intellect.
On the philosophical level, both buddhism and modern science share a deep suspicion of any notion of absolutes, whether conceptualize as a transcendent being, as an eternal, unchanging principle such as soul, or as a fundamental substratum of reality. ... In the buddhist investigation of reality, at least in principle, empirical evidence should triumph over scriptural authority, no matter how deeply venerated a scripture may be.
There is but one truly serious philosophical problem and that is suicide. Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy. All the rest whether or not the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine or twelve categories comes afterwards. These are games; one must first answer.
Long discourses, and philosophical readings, at best, amaze and confound, but do not instruct children. When i say, therefore, that they must be treated as rational creatures, i mean that you must make them sensible, by the mildness of your carriage, and in the composure even in the correction of them, that what you do is reasonable in you, and useful and necessary for them; and that it is not out of caprichio, passion or fancy, that you command or forbid them any thing.